Search This Blog

Powered by Blogger.

Translate

[TC] Ultrasonic Proximity Detector

This ultrasonic proximity detector comprising independent, battery-powered transmitter and receiver sections makes use of a pair of matched ultrasonic piezoceramic transducers operating at around 40 kHz each. This circuit can be used in exhibitions to switch on prerecorded audio/video messages automatically when a visitor evincing interest in a product comes near an exhibited product.

Fig. 1: Transmitter circuit
Fig. 1 shows the transmitter circuit. It comprises CMOS timer IC 7555 (IC1) configured as an astable multivibrator, which may be tuned to the frequency of the ultrasonic piezoceramic transmitter’s resonant frequency of around 40 kHz using preset VR1. A complementary pair of transistors T1 and T2 is used for driving and buffering the transducer while it draws spikes of current from IC1 circuit to sustain oscillations and thereby avoids any damage.

The receiver front-end (refer Fig. 2) is designed to provide a very high gain for the reflected faint ultrasonic frequency signals detected by the ultrasonic transducer. The amplifiers built around N1 and N2, respectively, provide AC voltage gain of around 80 each. These two stages should have a high open-circuit gain, wide bandwidth and very low bias current apart from being capable of single-supply operation. Quad op-amp LM324 is used here due to its low cost. For higher efficiency, you may use single op-amps such as CA3130 or CA3140.

Fig. 2: Receiver circuit


Fig. 3: Pinconfigurations oftransistors BC327and BC337
When a visitor pauses before a sistor R10 is used to meet this requirement. The filter also helps to bypass brief bursts of ambient noise in the ultrasonic range. The third stage comprising N3 works as a comparator to provide a triggering pulse when a visitor stops by. This pulse can be used to trigger a timer or a monostable, whose output may then be used to switch on the audio/video message concerning the product for a predetermined period.

When somebody comes in front of the ultrasonic piezoceramic transducer pair, the status LED (LED1) glows because of the signal reflected from the body of the visitor.

The circuit can be assembled on any general-purpose PCB. The transmitter and the receiver should be aligned such that the transmitted ultrasonic signal is optimally received by the receiver after reflection. Fig. 3 shows the pin configuration of transistors T1 and T2, while Fig. 4 shows installation of the ultrasonic piezoceramic transducer pair operating at around 40 kHz.


Source: http://electronicsforu.com/
 

Fig. 4: Installation of transducer pair
Share this on your favourite network

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Write For Us

Submit a Guest Post

Find us on Facebook

Categories

555 Timer IC 7 segment Display 8051 Project AC Circuits Adafruit Alarms Amplifier Circuits Analog Circuits android Arduino arm processor Assembly Languange Atmel Atom Size Audio Circuits augmented reality Automotive Circuits avr Battery Circuits Bicycle Gurad bluetooth Cable TV Circuits Cambridge University Camera Technology Circuit Boards Clipping And Clamping Circuits Clocking And Timer Circuits Computing contact lens Contact Us Form Contests Controller Circuit Conversion Circuits Counter Circuits Digital Electronics diy circuits Downloads EFY EFYTimes Electronic Books Electronic Components Electronic Locks And Keys Engineering Fan Circuits Filter Circuits Fire Alarm free Frequency Fun And Game Circuits future Google Hack n Mod Ham Radio Circuits heart rate monitoring High Voltage Circuits Home Circuits IC Guide ieee Industrial Circuits Infrared Instructables Inventions ipad lcd Led Circuits Light Related Lighting Circuits Medical Circuits Meter Clocks Microcontrollers Microprocessors Mini Projects modules Movie maker NatGeo Navigation Notice Optical Fiber PC Circuits PCB Boards Physics pnp transistor Power Supplies Printing Projects Programmer Project Ideas Projectors Protection circuits Proximity Detectors Radar Radio Circuits Radio Transmitters Raspberry Raspberry Pie Remote Circuits Retis Lab RFID Robot Cars Robotics Science Science Alert Security And Safety Sensor Circuits Servo Motors Smallest Smartwatches sms Software solar cell sound application Spectram Switch Technology News Telephone Related Television Related Test And Measurement Circuits Thermal Projects Tone generator circuits Touch Screen Tutorials Wearables Wi-Fi Wireless
Like us on Facebook
Follow us on Twitter
Recommend us on Google Plus
Subscribe me on RSS